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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is meningitis?
Meningitis is an inflammation of the protective layers that surround the brain and the spinal cord. It can be a serious, life-threatening condition requiring immediate medical care.
What are the symptoms of meningitis?
In adults, the symptoms of meningitis may include: sudden fever; severe headaches; stiff neck; an altered mental state; confusion or trouble concentrating; unintelligible speech; chills; head and neck arching backwards; joint pain and muscle pain; …
What causes meningitis?
There are several possible causes of meningitis. It can be the result of infection with bacteria, viruses or fungi. It can also result from non-infectious causes such as inflammatory diseases.
Who gets meningitis?
While anyone can get meningitis, the disease is most common among infants and young children, elderly people and people whose immune system is weak.
How is meningitis diagnosed?
In its early stages, meningitis can be difficult to diagnose, because the symptoms can be similar to those of flu. If your doctor suspects meningitis, they may do a physical examination to check for signs of infection around the head; a lumbar puncture (spinal …
How is meningitis treated?
Meningitis is treated according to its cause. Bacterial meningitis, the most dangerous of meningitis types, is a medical emergency and is treated with an immediate injection of antibiotics into the vein.
How is meningitis spread?
Bacterial and viral meningitis are spread by close, prolonged contact with infected people. The micro-organisms are spread via coughs, sneezes and saliva.
About this article
Author: Dr Idan Ben-Barak PhD, MSc, BSc (Med)
First answered: 10 Nov 2014
Last reviewed: 14 May 2019
Rating: 4.7 out of 5
Votes: 936 (Click smiley face below left to rate)