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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes insipidus is an uncommon condition in which the body is unable to effectively control fluids. It can cause people to be very thirsty and pass large amounts of urine.
What are the symptoms of diabetes insipidus?
The main symptoms of diabetes insipidus are excessive thirst and producing large amounts of urine. Other symptoms include dry skin, hair loss, constipation, fatigue and headache.
What are the symptoms of diabetes insipidus in babies?
In babies with diabetes insipidus, symptoms can include persistent crying and irritability, very wet nappies that require frequent changing, vomiting and fever, reduced growth or weight loss and a tendency to be cold, particularly in …
What causes diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes insipidus is caused by abnormalities of the function of a hormone called vasopressin, which is produced in the brain and works to promote the retention of water by the kidneys and control the amount of urine that is passed.
How is diabetes insipidus diagnosed?
Diabetes insipidus is diagnosed by considering the symptoms and performing tests such as blood tests and analysis of urine output. An MRI may be recommended in cases in which a brain condition is suspected as the cause.
How is diabetes insipidus treated?
Mild cases of diabetes insipidus may only require drinking enough fluid to compensate for increased urine production. In other cases, medications may be required. If diabetes insipidus is caused by an underlying medical condition, that may also need to be …
Can diabetes insipidus be cured?
In some cases, diabetes insipidus may get better on its own, or by treating an underlying medical condition. Otherwise, diabetes insipidus may persist, but can generally be managed successfully.
What can be done at home to treat diabetes insipidus?
People with diabetes insipidus can help to manage it by eating a low-salt diet and making sure that they drink enough fluid to cover their urine production. This is particularly important during warm weather or when exercising.
About this article
Author: Dr Bow Tauro PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 13 Jul 2015
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.9 out of 5
Votes: 1302 (Click smiley face below left to rate)
Category: Diabetes insipidus