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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What are FODMAPs?
FODMAPs are specific, short-chain carbohydrate chains found in various foods. They can cause irritable bowel syndrome symptoms including bloating, abdominal pain and flatulence, as they are poorly absorbed by the gut and instead are rapidly fermented by bacteria in the …
How do FODMAPs cause irritable bowel symptoms?
FODMAPs are poorly absorbed by the gut; instead, they are quickly fermented by bacteria in the large intestine. This leads to bloating, abdominal pain and flatulence. FODMAPs also draw extra water into the large intestine, leading to diarrhea.
Do FODMAPs cause irritable bowel symptoms in everyone?
No, FODMAPs do not cause irritable bowel syndrome in everyone. There can also be varying degrees of symptoms experienced.
Which foods are highest in FODMAPs?
FODMAPs are found in a wide range of common foods. These include: 1) Oligosaccharides - onions, leeks, spring onions, garlic, artichokes, shallots, beetroot, peas, fennel, chicory, pistachio, legumes, cashews, lentils, chickpeas, wheat, barley and rye. …
Which foods are lowest in, or do not contain, FODMAPs?
Foods lowest in FODMAPS include: fruits including bananas, cantaloupe, grapes, lemons, limes, mandarins, oranges, passion fruit, raspberries, strawberries and blueberries; vegetables including potatoes, carrots, parsnips, zucchini, …
How can I check which FODMAP I cannot tolerate?
It is possible to test your ability to absorb certain carbohydrates using a breath test to check the levels of hydrogen and methane on your breath. This involves eating a low FODMAP and low-fiber diet the day before, as well as fasting …
About this article
Author: Dr Bow Tauro PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 06 Nov 2014
Last reviewed: 14 May 2019
Rating: 4.2 out of 5
Votes: 198 (Click smiley face below left to rate)