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How is avascular necrosis treated?

The treatment options depend on how early the condition is diagnosed - early intervention can avoid the need for surgery or joint replacement. Current treatment options include: exercise, hyperbaric oxygen therapy and electrical stimulation - to encourage regeneration; medication to ease symptoms and complications; bed rest and use of crutches to rest the joint; bone core decompression - to ease pressure, relieve pain and encourage bone regeneration; bone graft - to encourage regeneration of bone, and; total joint replacement - to repair bone that has collapsed and to avoid disability.

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About this article

Author: Dr Idan Ben-Barak PhD, MSc, BSc (Med)
First answered: 10 Jul 2015
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.7 out of 5
Votes: 258 (Click smiley face below to rate)
Category: Perthes disease


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