How does a cholera infection occur?
The cholera bacterium moves between people via water contaminated by human fecal matter.
Author: Idan Ben-Barak
First answered: 03 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.4/5 Votes: 1050
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Cholera is an infectious disease caused by the Vibrio cholera bacterium. It causes massive diarrhea in the people it infects.
Cholera is a common disease in many parts of the world including India, Africa, South and Southeast Asia, South America, Central America and the Caribbean. Locations where sanitary conditions are poor due to natural disaster, war, civil strife or other emergencies …
Cholera shows up mainly as severe diarrhea. Other symptoms of cholera include stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, thirst, and a rapid heart rate.
Anyone can be infected by cholera if exposed to contaminated water. It is particularly dangerous for infants and young children.
Your doctor or other health professional will diagnose cholera by observing the clinical signs and by performing specific tests on stool samples.
The main concern with a cholera infection is the quick dehydration it causes. An effective rehydration treatment, ideally using an oral rehydration solution (ORS), can prevent serious illness and death.
Cholera can cause serious harm, including death, if it is not treated in time. For severe cases, treatment within hours of the onset of disease is crucial.
The best protection against cholera is to prevent exposure. A cholera vaccine is available, but it is effective only for 2 to 3 years and only about 6 months in young children. It is recommended mainly for people who expect to be exposed to …