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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is prostate cancer?
Cancer of the prostate occurs when abnormal cells in the prostate (a gland of the male reproductive system) grow uncontrollably.
What causes prostate cancer?
The precise causes of cell damage that causes in prostate cancer are not known.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?
There are often no symptoms in the early stages of prostate cancer. If you do have symptoms, you may experience frequent, painful urination, difficultly getting an erection, and pain in the lower back and thighs.
If there are no symptoms in the early stages, how is prostate cancer detected early?
Testing for prostate cancer in men without any symptoms is a complex issue. Unlike other cancers, there is insufficient evidence to support the routine screening of men. The benefits of screening are …
How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
Ultimately, prostate cancer is diagnosed by a pathologist examining a biopsy (tissue sample) of the prostate. Before this, your doctor may have identified a problem when performing a digital rectal examination. This involves your doctor putting a gloved …
How is prostate cancer treated?
Prostate cancer is treated with surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy.
What increases the chances of developing prostate cancer?
The risk of prostate cancer increases with age; most men who are diagnosed with it are over 65 years of age. Your risk is also higher if you have a family history of the disease, if you smoke, or have high testosterone levels.
About this article
Author: Jonathan Meddings BMedLabSc (Hons)
First answered: 07 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.3 out of 5
Votes: 357 (Click smiley face below left to rate)
Category: Prostate cancer