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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is hypoparathyroidism?
Hypoparathyroidism occurs when the parathyroid glands do not produce enough parathyroid hormone. This results in low levels of calcium.
What are the symptoms of hypoparathyroidism?
Signs and symptoms of hypoparathyroidism include muscle cramps and spasms, which can be severe. You may also experience seizures, cataracts, difficulty breathing, dry hair and skin, and painful menstruation.
What causes hypoparathyroidism?
The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is removal or damage of the parathyroid glands during neck surgery. But there are other causes such as radioactive iodine treatment for hyperparathyroidism, as well as some rare autoimmune diseases.
Who gets hypoparathyroidism?
Hypoparathyroidism is most commonly the result of the removal or damage of the parathyroid glands during neck surgery.
How is hypoparathyroidism diagnosed?
Hypoparathyroidism is diagnosed with blood and urine tests that measure calcium and parathyroid hormone, among other things.
Are there different types of hypoparathyroidism?
Hypoparathyroidism can be primary, in which the cause is a problem with the parathyroid glands not producing enough parathyroid hormone; secondary, in which the problem is a high level of calcium in the blood, which causes the parathyroid …
About this article
Author: Dr Idan Ben-Barak PhD, MSc, BSc (Med)
First answered: 13 Jul 2015
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.6 out of 5
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