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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a common condition that affects women during their child-bearing years. It occurs when cells that line the womb grow in areas outside the womb. These cells grow and shed in response to hormones that regulate a woman's menstrual cycle. This can lead …
What causes endometriosis?
It is not known exactly what causes endometriosis. It may occur as a result of retrograde menstruation. This occurs when blood and tissue that is shed during a woman's period flows backwards into the fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity, instead of out of the …
What symptoms are associated with endometriosis?
Some women with endometriosis may not experience any symptoms at all, while others may experience pain or cramping in the lower abdomen during and between periods, pain during sex and changes in menstruation, such as heavy bleeding or long …
How is endometriosis diagnosed?
Endometriosis can be very difficult to diagnose. A doctor will usually begin with collecting a medical history, performing a physical examination and conducting some diagnostic tests to rule out other conditions that could be contributing to the symptoms. …
How is endometriosis treated?
Endometriosis may be treated with pain medications and hormone therapies to help relieve some of the symptoms. Sometimes surgery to remove endometrial growths or remove part of the reproductive system may be required.
Who gets endometriosis?
Endometriosis can affect any woman of child-bearing age. Women who are obese, or who have a close family member with the condition, are more likely to be affected. The symptoms of endometriosis usually go away when a woman reaches menopause and stops having periods.
Does endometriosis affect fertility?
Endometriosis is a common cause of infertility, but not all women with the condition will have trouble getting pregnant. In cases where endometriosis is affecting fertility, laparoscopic surgery to remove endometrial growths may increase the chance of …
About this article
Author: Dr Joanne Van der Velden PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 17 Oct 2018
Rating: 4.3 out of 5
Votes: 1192 (Click smiley face below left to rate)