Who gets hypoparathyroidism?
Hypoparathyroidism is most commonly the result of the removal or damage of the parathyroid glands during neck surgery.
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Hypoparathyroidism occurs when the parathyroid glands do not produce enough parathyroid hormone. This results in low levels of calcium.
Signs and symptoms of hypoparathyroidism include muscle cramps and spasms, which can be severe. You may also experience seizures, cataracts, difficulty breathing, dry hair and skin, and painful menstruation.
The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is removal or damage of the parathyroid glands during neck surgery. But there are other causes such as radioactive iodine treatment for hyperparathyroidism, as well as some rare autoimmune diseases.
Hypoparathyroidism is diagnosed with blood and urine tests that measure calcium and parathyroid hormone, among other things.
Hypoparathyroidism can be primary, in which the cause is a problem with the parathyroid glands not producing enough parathyroid hormone; secondary, in which the problem is a high level of calcium in the blood, which causes the parathyroid …
treatment for hypoparathyroidism is treated depends on its type. Primary hypoparathyroidism is treated with calcium and vitamin D. Trials are currently underway testing parathyroid hormone as a treatment option, but it is not yet approved for use in most …