Who can develop laryngitis?
Adults between the ages of 18-40 years are most commonly affected by laryngitis.
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Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx. The larynx, or voice box, belongs to the respiratory system and contains the vocal cords. In laryngitis, the vocal cords become inflamed or irritated. The swelling distorts the sounds produced by the air passing over them, …
Some of the more typical symptoms may include: a hoarse voice, or losing the voice; difficulty swallowing; a sore throat; a dry throat with the sensation of tickling, and; mild fever.
There are two types of laryngitis – acute and chronic. Acute laryngitis is typically caused by a viral infection. Laryngitis that persists beyond 2-3 weeks is classified as chronic and is commonly caused by irritants, such as stomach acid or smoke.
Diagnosis of acute laryngitis is generally straightforward and involves taking a medical history and performing an examination, typically of the ears, nose and throat. When the laryngitis is chronic, there may be need for further testing such as a blood test, …
Acute laryngitis typically resolves on its own without any intervention. Home care may include: drinking lots of fluids; taking over-the-counter pain-relief medications such as ibuprofen or paracetamol as recommended; breathing in humidified air, using a …
Most cases of acute laryngitis will resolve on their own. Chronic laryngitis, however, may require changes to lifestyle habits (in cases of underlying causes), use of medications, or surgery if there are vocal cord nodules or polyps.
Home care includes resting your voice, drinking lots of fluids, taking pain-relief medications, and using an air humidifier.
Acute laryngitis is contagious since it is caused by a viral infection. To avoid an infection, avoid sharing kitchen utensils and maintain good hygiene, such as thorough and frequent hand washing.