How are common childhood illnesses spread?
Hand, foot and mouth disease, fifth disease and chickenpox are spread by droplets from sneezing and coughing by an infected child. Head lice are most often spread by direct person-to-person contact. Ringworm is spread by direct contact with an infected person or pet, or it can be picked up from damp floors and showers, especially in communal areas such as gymnasia and swimming pools. Gastroenteritis may be passed on by eating and drinking contaminated food and water, or through the faecal-oral route from another person carrying the infection.