How is developmental dysplasia of the hip diagnosed?
Babies are routinely examined at birth for developmental dysplasia of the hip. The baby lays on their back and the legs are rotated to test hip joint mobility. Each hip is examined separately. The dia…
How is diabetes insipidus diagnosed?
Diabetes insipidus is diagnosed by considering the symptoms and performing tests such as blood tests and analysis of urine output. An MRI may be recommended in cases in which a brain condition is susp…
How is gastroenteritis treated?
Depending on the cause, most cases of gastroenteritis are not treated at all, with the main advice being to stay at home and rest until symptoms pass. Taking small sips of clear fluid, if tolerated, t…
How is genital herpes diagnosed?
To work out if you have genital herpes, a doctor will ask you questions about your medical history and look for any visible symptoms, such as blisters or ulcers. They may also take a swab of a blister…
How is lactic acidosis treated?
How lactic acidosis is treated depends on the cause, but treatment usually includes oxygen therapy and intravenous fluids to improve the supply of oxygen to tissues and flush out lactic acid from the …
How is meningitis spread?
Bacterial and viral meningitis are spread by close, prolonged contact with infected people. The micro-organisms are spread via coughs, sneezes and saliva.
How is osteomalacia treated?
Treatment of osteomalacia focuses on you getting enough vitamin D, calcium and phosphorus in your diet and getting regular sunlight exposure. Your doctor may advise you to add certain vitamin-rich or …
How is skin cancer diagnosed?
The only way to diagnose cancer is with a tissue biopsy. A pathologist will examine the biopsy under a microscope to see if the cells are cancerous.
How is slapped cheek disease spread?
The virus that causes slapped cheek disease is spread via droplets from sneezes and coughs.
Is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo serious?
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is not a serious disorder, and there are typically no complications commonly associated with it.
Is it possible to become pregnant after menopause?
Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstruation finishes, and it is no longer possible to become pregnant. However, there is still a small chance of becoming pregnant during perimenopause.