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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is bronchiectasis?
Bronchiectasis is a chronic lung disease caused by repeated damage to the walls of the airways of the lungs (bronchi), often as a result of infections.
What are the symptoms of bronchiectasis?
Signs and symptoms of bronchiectasis include: a persistent cough, often with phlegm, often lasting for months or years; coughing up blood; shortness of breath, wheezing; fatigue, being easily exhausted; chest pain; pale or bluish skin color; …
What causes bronchiectasis?
Bronchiectasis is the result of a cycle of infections and inflammation that causes the airways of the lungs to become scarred and widen.
How is bronchiectasis diagnosed?
Your doctor will diagnose bronchiectasis based on your symptoms, followed by further tests including examining your chest with a stethoscope, chest imaging such as X-ray imaging, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and lung function tests. HRCT is …
How is bronchiectasis treated?
Bronchiectasis is treated with a combination of physical exercises and techniques designed to remove excess mucus from the airways and restore and maintain lung function, and medications that fight infection and inflammation and help dilate the airways and …
Can bronchiectasis be cured?
Bronchiectasis cannot be cured, but it can be managed, allowing people with the condition to live a relatively normal life, especially if the condition is diagnosed and treated early on. However, bronchiectasis has been associated with increased mortality rates.
Can bronchiectasis be prevented?
Prevention of bronchiectasis focuses on preventing the recurring lung infections that lead to it. Vaccinations, avoiding infection, or treating infection promptly when it occurs, are all helpful. In the past, bronchiectasis was more common, but many of the …
What are the complications of bronchiectasis?
Complications of bronchiectasis can include chronic pneumonia, collapsed lung, respiratory failure and heart failure.
About this article
Author: Dr Joanne Van der Velden PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.6 out of 5
Votes: 1274 (Click smiley face below to rate)