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FAQ Frequently asked questions
How does a rabies infection occur?
The rabies virus is transmitted to humans through the bites of animals, especially dogs.
How common is rabies?
Rabies is no longer common in most countries. However, it is still a significant issue in some regions of the world, including India, Africa and South-East Asia. An estimated 55,000 people die of rabies every year, including a few cases a year in almost every country.
What are the symptoms of rabies?
Initial symptoms of rabies can include fever; chills; headache; sore throat; loss of appetite; vomiting; discomfort; irritability; and pain, tingling and itching at the site of the bite. A few days after these symptoms, symptoms of the nervous system can …
How is rabies diagnosed?
Your doctor or other health professional will diagnose rabies by observing the clinical signs and by performing specific tests on samples of your blood, skin, saliva or spinal fluid. Tests on the biting animal's brain tissue if it has been euthanized can also help …
How is rabies treated?
Treatment after infection can include cleaning the bite site, vaccination and special immunoglobulin treatment.
How can I prevent being infected?
The best ways of avoiding rabies are getting vaccinated beforehand and avoiding contact with wildlife and stray dogs.
About this article
Author: Dr Idan Ben-Barak PhD, MSc, BSc (Med)
First answered: 03 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.7 out of 5
Votes: 313 (Click smiley face below left to rate)