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What is hyperparathyroidism?
Hyperparathyroidism is a set of symptoms that occur as a result of an overactive parathyroid gland that secretes more parathyroid hormone into your body than is healthy.
What are the symptoms of hyperparathyroidism?
The symptoms of hyperparathyroidism are not easy to detect. Many people with high parathyroid hormone levels show no symptoms at all, or only mild ones, for a long time. If symptoms occur, they can include: kidney stones; bone, joint and muscle …
What causes hyperparathyroidism?
The most common cause of hyperparathyroidism is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor called an adenoma. Ademonas can affect one or more parathyroid glands, causing the glands to secrete too much parathyroid hormone.
How is hyperparathyroidism diagnosed?
Hyperparathyroidism is diagnosed based on blood test results and symptoms. Because it often shows no symptoms, hyperparathyroidism is most often first suspected after getting the results of blood tests that are taken for other purposes.
How is hyperparathyroidism treated?
Surgical removal of the parathyroid gland (parathyroidectomy) is the most effective treatment for hyperparathyroidism.
Can hyperparathyroidism be prevented?
There is not much you can do to prevent hyperparathyroidism, other than being vigilant to the appearance of symptoms. People who are at risk, or have already been diagnosed with mild hyperparathyroidism with no symptoms, can make sure they get enough …
What is the outlook for hyperparathyroidism?
With treatment, hyperparathyroidism can be successfully cured. The health of bones can improve and the risk of future fractures decreases, but the rate of improvement depends on your age and other medical conditions.
Is hyperparathyroidism serious?
Hyperparathyroidism can lead to serious complications, including kidney stones, kidney failure, cognitive problems, fatigue, bone damage, osteoporosis, pancreatitis and heart problems (atrial fibrillation and palpitations).
About this article
Author: Dr Idan Ben-Barak PhD, MSc, BSc (Med)
First answered: 14 Jul 2015
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.4 out of 5
Votes: 1335 (Click smiley face below left to rate)