What is the difference between coeliac disease and a food allergy?
Coeliac disease is not technically an allergy, but an autoimmune disease.
Author: Karen McCloskey
First answered: 23 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.2/5 Votes: 517
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Coeliac disease is a disorder of the small intestine caused by an intolerance to gluten, a protein found in many grains, such as wheat, barley, oats and rye. People with coeliac disease have an abnormal immune reaction to gluten, which results in damaged gut lining …
Symptoms of coeliac disease vary between individuals, making diagnosis occasionally difficult. In children, poor growth in weight and height and abdominal discomfort are common. Adults typically experience abdominal discomfort (upset stomach), …
To diagnose coeliac disease, your doctor will perform blood tests to detect certain antibodies that are more common in people with coeliac disease. The diagnosis must be confirmed by taking a biopsy of your intestines. The biopsy is typically taken in a …
Coeliac disease is a common autoimmune/digestive disorder, especially among Caucasian (white) Europeans, particularly those of Celtic origin.
Yes, coeliac disease can be inherited. There are genes that increase the likelihood of an individual developing the condition. However, not everybody with these genes develops coeliac disease. This suggests that there are other factors apart from …
Research has suggested that a particular type of cancer, known as intestinal lymphoma, is more common in coeliac patients who have not maintained a gluten-free diet. Coeliac disease is not a risk factor for stomach cancer.
There is no scientific evidence linking autism with coeliac disease, although some individuals with autism may have coeliac disease, among other conditions. However, one condition does not cause the other.
A lifelong gluten-free diet is the only accepted treatment for coeliac disease. Not experiencing symptoms after eating food containing gluten does not mean that it is not harmful for you.