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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is eczema?
Eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis) is an allergic condition that causes your skin to become red, dry, itchy and scaly. In severe cases, your skin may also weep, bleed or crust over.
What causes eczema?
Eczema occurs when the skin barrier does not work as well as it should. Moisture is easily lost from the skin, causing it to dry out. When this occurs, irritating substances can enter through gaps in dry and scaly skin and cause inflammation, which makes the skin red …
What types of eczema are there?
There are a number of different types of eczema, including: Discoid eczema (nummular eczema) - coin-shaped areas of red, itchy eczema that appear mainly on the legs, buttocks and trunk for months at a time; Neurodermatitis (lichen simplex chronicus) - …
What do the common types of eczema look like?
The two most common types of eczema are atopic and contact, also known as atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis. Atopic eczema is characterized by red, itchy, scaly skin areas that typically occur on the elbow or inside of the knees. It …
Is eczema hereditary?
Eczema runs in families, suggesting a hereditary component. The condition is also more likely to develop if family members also have an allergy such as asthma, hay fever or eczema. However, eczema can also occur without a family history of the condition.
Is eczema contagious?
No, eczema is not contagious and cannot be caught by coming into contact with someone with the condition.
How is eczema treated?
There is no cure for eczema, so treatments aim to relieve symptoms by reducing inflammation and itchiness. Your doctor may suggest one or more of the following treatment options: 1) Self-care - taking a cool bath or applying cold, wet dressings to your eczema may …
What are complications of eczema?
Possible complications of eczema include: 1) Bacterial infection - when your skin becomes dry and cracked from eczema, the risk of infection passing into your body through broken skin is increased. 2) Viral infection - it is also possible for …
About this article
Author: Lauren Donley BSc (Hons)
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 17 Oct 2018
Rating: 4.9 out of 5
Votes: 175 (Click smiley face below to rate)