What is septic arthritis?
Septic arthritis is an infection in a joint. It can lead to serious pain and permanent damage.
Author: Idan Ben-Barak
First answered: 14 Jul 2015
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.2/5 Votes: 319
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Symptoms of septic arthritis can include severe pain, redness and swelling in affected joints. Many people will also experience chills and fever.
Septic arthritis is caused by infection of the joint, generally by bacteria, although it can be by other organisms such as mycobacteria or fungi. The bacteria may get into the joint because of injury or surgery at or near the joint, but can also travel from …
Septic arthritis is diagnosed by analysis of synovial fluid, withdrawn from the space within the joint by a needle. Blood tests may also be done to detect the presence of bacteria in the bloodstream.
The first treatment for septic arthritis is high doses of antibiotics delivered intravenously. A stay in hospital is usually necessary. In some cases, draining pus from the joint is necessary to help limit damage while the antibiotics are clearing the …
The infection that causes septic arthritis can usually be treated with antibiotic treatment. However, damage to the joint may be permanent.
Septic arthritis will not clear on its own. Treatment that begins as early as possible is most effective at limiting damage to the joint. Depending on the type of infection causing it, untreated septic arthritis can cause severe damage to a joint …
Septic arthritis is divided into gonococcal septic arthritis, which tends to be less severe and related to the sexually-transmitted disease gonorrhea, and nongonococcal septic arthritis, which is caused by other organisms.
Depending on the organism that causes septic arthritis and how promptly treatment is started, there may be full recovery with no damage to the joint, through to damage that is serious and permanent.