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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What causes cancer?
Cancer occurs when the DNA of healthy cells in your body becomes damaged, causing the cells to multiply uncontrollably. The exact cause of this damage is unknown for many cancers. The various agents that cause damage to DNA are collectively called carcinogens. …
How is cancer diagnosed?
Diagnosis of cancer can be done by: 1) Screening for early detection: As cancer can often not show any symptoms in its early stages, population screening is done if it is able to identify the cancer at an early stage, if the test itself poses a low risk and is low …
How is cancer treated?
Depending on the type and stage of the cancer, different treatment options are available. The following list of treatments is general and may not relate to your specific type of cancer: 1) Surgery to remove tumors and affected lymph nodes is often the first line of …
Can cancer be prevented?
Some types of cancer can be prevented. for instance, a woman having the HPV vaccine before reaching the age of sexual maturity will prevent cervical cancer caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Most cancers cannot be prevented; however, you can reduce your risk …
Who can develop cancer?
Anyone can develop cancer, but some people are at higher risk. Risk factors for cancer include: older age; lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol overuse, poor diet and a lack of physical activity; genetics and family history; viruses and other pathogens (for …
What about alternative treatments for cancer?
Some people diagnosed with cancer seek out complementary and alternative therapies. None of these alternative therapies are known to cure cancer, but some can help people feel better when used together with conventional medical treatment. It is …
Are there different types of cancer?
There many different cancer types, which are based upon the cell or organ of origin: Carcinoma originates in cells lining the body cavities; sarcoma originates in cells of supportive tissue such as muscle, bone and fatty tissue; lymphoma originates in …
About this article
Author: Jonathan Meddings BMedLabSc (Hons)
First answered: 06 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
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