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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer occurs when DNA in cells in the bladder is damaged. As a result, the bladder cells replicate uncontrollably. In many cases of bladder cancer, it is not known exactly what causes this DNA damage. Factors such as cigarette smoking are known to increase …
What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?
The symptoms of bladder cancer include blood in the urine and frequent urination, as well as pain and a burning sensation during urination. These can be symptoms of less serious problems, such as urinary tract infections. If you have these symptoms, …
What causes bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer is caused by DNA damage to cells that causes them to replicate uncontrollably and form cancers.
How is bladder cancer diagnosed?
A definitive diagnosis of bladder cancer is made by your doctor taking a tissue sample, called a biopsy, and having it examined under a microscope.
What is the outcome for bladder cancer?
The prognosis for bladder cancer depends on the type and stage of the disease. Your doctor will discuss your likely treatment outcomes with you if you have bladder cancer.
Are there different types of bladder cancer?
Yes. There are different types of bladder cancer and they are defined by the cells they originate in. By far the most common are transitional cell carcinomas.
Can bladder cancer be cured?
Bladder cancer cannot be cured, because there is always a chance that it will return. It can, however, go into remission, meaning that no trace of cancer is found when you go for a periodic check-ups.
How is bladder cancer treated?
Treatment for bladder cancer varies according to the type and stage of the cancer. Your doctor will discuss your treatment options with you. In general, a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy is used.
About this article
Author: Jonathan Meddings BMedLabSc (Hons)
First answered: 24 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.2 out of 5
Votes: 288 (Click smiley face below to rate)
Category: Urinary tract infections (UTI)