What causes prostate cancer?
The precise causes of cell damage that causes in prostate cancer are not known.
Author: Jonathan Meddings
First answered: 07 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.9/5 Votes: 136
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Cancer of the prostate occurs when abnormal cells in the prostate (a gland of the male reproductive system) grow uncontrollably.
There are often no symptoms in the early stages of prostate cancer. If you do have symptoms, you may experience frequent, painful urination, difficultly getting an erection, and pain in the lower back and thighs.
Testing for prostate cancer in men without any symptoms is a complex issue. Unlike other cancers, there is insufficient evidence to support the routine screening of men. The benefits of screening are …
Ultimately, prostate cancer is diagnosed by a pathologist examining a biopsy (tissue sample) of the prostate. Before this, your doctor may have identified a problem when performing a digital rectal examination. This involves your doctor putting a gloved …
Prostate cancer is treated with surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy.
Due to the fact the exact causes of prostate cancer are unknown, it is not possible to prevent the disease.
The risk of prostate cancer increases with age; most men who are diagnosed with it are over 65 years of age. Your risk is also higher if you have a family history of the disease, if you smoke, or have high testosterone levels.