What causes bladder cancer?
Bladder cancer is caused by DNA damage to cells that causes them to replicate uncontrollably and form cancers.
Author: Jonathan Meddings
First answered: 17 Nov 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.5/5 Votes: 1307
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Bladder cancer occurs when DNA in cells in the bladder is damaged. As a result, the bladder cells replicate uncontrollably. In many cases of bladder cancer, it is not known exactly what causes this DNA damage. Factors such as cigarette smoking are known to increase …
The symptoms of bladder cancer include blood in the urine and frequent urination, as well as pain and a burning sensation during urination. These can be symptoms of less serious problems, such as urinary tract infections. If you have these symptoms, …
A definitive diagnosis of bladder cancer is made by your doctor taking a tissue sample, called a biopsy, and having it examined under a microscope.
Your risk of bladder cancer increases with age. It also increases if you have recurring bladder infections, experience long-term exposure to chemicals such as aromatic amines (common in the dyeing and textile industries), smoke …
The prognosis for bladder cancer depends on the type and stage of the disease. Your doctor will discuss your likely treatment outcomes with you if you have bladder cancer.
Yes. There are different types of bladder cancer and they are defined by the cells they originate in. By far the most common are transitional cell carcinomas.
Bladder cancer cannot be cured, because there is always a chance that it will return. It can, however, go into remission, meaning that no trace of cancer is found when you go for a periodic check-ups.
Treatment for bladder cancer varies according to the type and stage of the cancer. Your doctor will discuss your treatment options with you. In general, a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy is used.