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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is scoliosis?
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. It most often occurs around the age of 11-13 years or during a growth spurt. It is a common condition affecting around 2-3% of the population. About 10% have a minor form of the condition and about 1 in 1,000 people have a …
What causes scoliosis?
The cause of scoliosis is largely unknown. However, it does appear to run in families or can be related to birth defects, neuromuscular conditions including cerebral palsy, or infections of the spine.
Who gets scoliosis?
Scoliosis generally affects children just before puberty (11-13 years old). It is far more common in girls than boys, with nine out of 10 cases occurring in girls. Scoliosis can also occur in infants.
How is scoliosis diagnosed?
Scoliosis can be identified using the forward bend test. This involves bending forward at the waist so your doctor can see if there is any abnormal curvature in the spine. A spine X-ray can also be used to identify the presence and severity of the scoliosis.
How is scoliosis treated?
In many cases, scoliosis appears in only a minor form. This can be treated with physiotherapy and by practicing good posture. In moderate cases, a brace can be worn under clothing and removed for activities such as sport. In the most severe cases, treatment with …
Can scoliosis be cured?
There is no cure for scoliosis, but it is important to identify any abnormal curvature at an early age. Early intervention can help reduce the severity of the condition.
Will scoliosis clear on its own?
Scoliosis will not clear on its own and can in fact become worse as you age.
Are there different types of scoliosis?
The most common form of scoliosis is idiopathic adolescent scoliosis. This accounts for four out of five cases. Other forms include infantile idiopathic scoliosis, juvenile idiopathic scoliosis and progressive scoliosis.
About this article
Author: Dr Bow Tauro PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 11 Nov 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.2 out of 5
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