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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is an under-active thyroid gland. It leads to short supply of hormones that control metabolism in the body.
What causes hypothyroidism?
Causes of hypothyroidism include inflammation of the thyroid gland, an imbalance of iodine in the diet, treatments for an over-active thyroid, some medications and medical conditions, and problems with the pituitary gland. Some babies can be born with …
Who gets hypothyroidism?
Anyone can get hypothyroidism, but it is much more common in women and older people. Other risk factors for developing hypothyroidism can include: having other autoimmune conditions, such as vitiligo and Addison's disease; having a family history of hypothyroidism …
How is hypothyroidism diagnosed?
The doctor will discuss symptoms and look for physical signs of hypothyroidism, including examining your neck for signs of an enlarged thyroid gland. Other tests can include blood tests, which can detect the levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and …
How is hypothyroidism treated?
Hypothyroidism is treated by medications that bring your level of thyroid hormone back to the healthy range. The most commonly-used medication is thyroxine, which is usually taken daily. In most cases, once you start treatment for hypothyroidism, you will …
Can hypothyroidism be cured?
While some forms of hypothyroidism may improve over time, most people who develop hypothyroidism will have it for the rest of their lives. Medication can effectively manage the condition.
Will hypothyroidism clear on its own?
For most people, treatment with thyroid replacement medications restores thyroid hormone levels to normal and relieves symptoms. Most people with hypothyroidism, however, will need to continue with medications for the rest of their lives.
Is hypothyroidism serious?
Hypothyroidism can vary from a very mild condition that may not need treatment, through to a severe one that can be life-threatening if not treated.
About this article
Author: Kellie Heywood
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.0 out of 5
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