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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection. It can affect both men and women and can be passed on to others by having unprotected sex.
What causes chlamydia?
Chlamydia is caused by a type of bacteria called chlamydia trachomatis. It is spread through sexual contact that includes vaginal, oral and anal sex. A pregnant woman with chlamydia can also pass the infection on to her baby during childbirth.
Who gets chlamydia?
Anyone who is sexually active can potentially get chlamydia. The condition can affect both men and women. People who do not practice safe sex, have multiple sexual partners or have a history of a sexually transmitted infection (STI) are more likely to get chlamydia.
How is chlamydia diagnosed?
To diagnose chlamydia, a doctor will collect a sample of urine or take a swab from areas most likely to be affected by the infection. This may include the vagina, cervix, penis or anus. The samples are sent off to a laboratory and tested to see if the bacteria …
How is chlamydia treated?
Chlamydia is usually treated with antibiotics to control the bacterial infection. To prevent getting chlamydia again, it is recommended that any sexual partners also be tested and treated for chlamydia.
Is chlamydia serious?
Most cases of chlamydia will clear up with simple antibiotic treatment. In some cases, if left untreated, chlamydia infections can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease and damage the reproductive system. In serious cases, chlamydia can lead to trouble getting pregnant …
Can chlamydia be prevented?
Chlamydia can be prevented by practicing safe sex, which means using a condom when having sex. Because some people who are infected with chlamydia do not show any symptoms, getting tested for chlamydia regularly if there is a high risk of infection may also help …
What is pelvic inflammatory disease?
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a condition that can occur when sexually-transmitted infections affect parts of the reproductive system, including the uterus and fallopian tubes. This may result in a fever and pain in the pelvic region. In severe cases, …
About this article
Author: Jonathan Meddings BMedLabSc (Hons)
First answered: 03 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 14 May 2019
Rating: 4.9 out of 5
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