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What are the health consequences of obesity?

Carrying extra weight has a range of consequences on the body. Not only can it increase levels of inflammation in the body and affect the body's metabolic processes, it also places extra load and stress on important structures such as the joints, airways and bladder. Generally speaking, the more weight a person carries, the higher the risk of serious health conditions, including: cardiovascular disease that can lead to heart attack and stroke; high blood pressure (hypertension); type 2 diabetes; a range of cancers including bowel, breast, ovarian, endometrial, esophageal, gall bladder, pancreatic and kidney cancer; asthma; obstructive sleep apnea; osteoarthritis, spinal problems and lower back pain; gout; kidney disease; heartburn; stress urinary incontinence and fertility problems in women; gall bladder, liver and pancreatic disease, and; mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. Carrying very large amounts of extra weight can also make it more difficult for doctors to treat a wide range of other health problems. For example, surgery can be more complicated and it can take longer to recover from it.

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About this article

Author: Kellie Heywood
First answered: 31 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.0 out of 5
Votes: 1205 (Click smiley face below left to rate)
Category: Obesity

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