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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is measles?
Measles is a highly contagious viral infection that typically causes a skin rash and fevers, mostly in young children. It has the potential to cause serious complications, including death.
What are the symptoms of measles?
Early symptoms of measles resemble cold symptoms. They can include mild to moderate fever; coughing; a sore throat; sneezing; a runny nose; reddish, watery eyes that are sensitive to light, and; malaise (a general feeling of unwellness). Two to three days …
Who gets measles?
Any person who is not immune can get measles. The disease is most common among children aged one to five years.
How is measles diagnosed?
Your doctor will diagnose measles by the clinical signs, particularly the rash, and confirm it with blood tests.
How is measles treated?
There is no specific treatment for measles. Once the disease is established in the body, treatment involves supportive measures and watching out for complications.
How is measles spread?
When an infected person sneezes or coughs, millions of tiny droplets, each containing many viruses, are spread into the air. The droplets can infect by entering your nose or mouth. The droplets can also collect on surfaces and objects. You can catch the virus by …
Can measles be prevented?
A measles vaccine is available and routinely provided for children above 12 months of age.
Is measles serious?
Normally, measles is not serious. However, complications of measles can appear in up to two in every five (40%) of cases and may be serious, even fatal.
About this article
Author: Dr Joanne Van der Velden PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 17 Oct 2018
Rating: 4.6 out of 5
Votes: 534 (Click smiley face below to rate)
Category: Pink eye