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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is rubella?
Rubella is an infectious viral disease also known as 'three-day measles' or 'German measles', although it is not measles at all. Rubella is generally a mild illness and goes away by itself after a few days.
What are the symptoms of rubella?
Symptoms of rubella are generally mild, if they appear at all. About half of the people who contract rubella feel no symptoms at all. Symptoms can include mild to moderate fever, a runny nose, red and watery eyes, swollen lymph glands, muscle and joint …
What causes rubella?
Rubella is caused by the rubella virus (not to be confused with the rubeola virus, which causes measles).
Who gets rubella?
Anyone can be infected with rubella if they have not been infected or vaccinated in the past. The risk of infection for people who have had the Rubella immunization is low. The disease is most common in young children.
How is rubella diagnosed?
Your doctor will diagnose rubella by noting the symptoms. Blood tests and a nose or throat swab (checking for the presence of the virus or antibodies against it) can be used to confirm the diagnosis.
How is rubella spread?
When an infected person sneezes or coughs, the virus spreads via millions of tiny droplets in the air, each containing many viruses. If a droplet enters your nose or mouth, you may then be infected with the virus. The droplets can also collect on surfaces and …
Can rubella be prevented?
Yes, a rubella vaccine is available and given routinely to children, usually from 12 months of age, as part of the childhood immunization program. The vaccine is also available for older children and adults but it is not recommended for pregnant women.
How common is rubella?
Rubella used to be common and widespread throughout the world. Since the introduction of the rubella vaccine in the 1960s, the rates of rubella infection have dropped dramatically. However, it is still found in countries where the rubella vaccination rate is low, …
About this article
Author: Dr Idan Ben-Barak PhD, MSc, BSc (Med)
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 17 Oct 2018
Rating: 4.4 out of 5
Votes: 1294 (Click smiley face below left to rate)