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How is pneumonia diagnosed?

A doctor will diagnose pneumonia on the basis of a physical exam and test results. During a physical examination a doctor may use a stethoscope to listen for crackles or abnormal sounds caused by breathing. An X-ray can be used to confirm pneumonia and work out which part of the lungs are affected. A sputum sample can confirm the organism causing the pneumonia and the most suitable antibiotics or antifungals needed to treat them.

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About this article

Author: Dr Joanne Van der Velden PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.6 out of 5
Votes: 449 (Click smiley face below to rate)
Category: Bronchitis

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