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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is macular degeneration (MD)?
Macular degeneration (MD) is an eye condition in which the central retina (also called the macula) is damaged. This can make it difficult to read, drive and see fine detail. Peripheral (side) vision is unaffected.
What causes macular degeneration (MD)?
Macular degeneration (MD) is caused by ageing processes in the eye that cause damage to the central retina (also called the macula). Risk factors that increase the chances of developing MD include ageing, having a family history of MD and smoking.
Are there different types of macular degeneration (MD)?
There are two forms of macular degeneration (MD), dry and wet. Almost everyone who gets MD will have the dry form to begin with. Some people, but not all, go on to develop the more severe wet form.
What are the symptoms of macular degeneration (MD)?
In the early stages of dry macular degeneration (MD), there are often few symptoms. In wet MD, symptoms tend to be more sudden and severe and include blurred vision, distortion and the appearance of black or blank spots in the vision.
What is dry macular degeneration (MD)?
Dry macular degeneration (MD) is the more common form of the condition, in which waste products (called drusen) accumulate underneath the central retina and gradually cause damage. Symptoms often develop slowly in dry MD and do not tend to be as …
What is wet macular degeneration (MD)?
Wet macular degeneration (MD) occurs when damage to the retina causes abnormal blood vessels to grow into the central retina. Because these vessels are abnormal, they tend to leak blood and fluid, which can cause severe scarring. Sudden changes in …
How is macular degeneration (MD) diagnosed?
A regular eye examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist, can detect early signs of macular degeneration (MD). Tests that include checking vision and viewing the retina (using ophthalmoscopy, fluorescein angiography and optical coherence …
Can macular degeneration (MD) be prevented?
Macular degeneration (MD) cannot be prevented, but there are lifestyle changes that can help to reduce the risk. These include quitting smoking, wearing sunglasses to avoid excessive exposure to sunlight and eating a healthy, low-glycemic diet …
About this article
Author: Kellie Heywood
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.1 out of 5
Votes: 482 (Click smiley face below left to rate)
Category: Macular degeneration