How is breast cancer diagnosed?
Breast cancer is diagnosed with scans such as mammograms, MRI and CT scans and a tissue biopsy.
Author: Jonathan Meddings
First answered: 12 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.9/5 Votes: 402
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Breast cancer occurs when abnormal cells develop and grow unchecked in the breast tissue. It is more common in women, but can occur in men as well.
Breast cancer is caused by damage to cells in the breast tissue. The exact causes of this damage aren't known, but the BRCA1, BRCA2 and TP53 genes are associated with a higher risk of developing the disease.
Treatment for cancer depends on the type and stage. In general, treatment involves surgery to remove the tumor, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy.
It is possible for teenage girls and young women to get breast cancer, but it is very rare. If you are concerned, it is best to see a doctor.
Inherited breast cancer cases account for about one in ten breast cancers.
A lump in the breast does not necessarily mean you have breast cancer. There are other conditions that can cause lumps in the breast, such as cysts or abscesses.
Sometimes breast cancer has no symptoms. When there are symptoms they include a lump in the breast, changes to the size and shape, or hardening and swelling of the breast. You may also experience a tightening in the nipple area and armpit pain, a …
Yes. Breast cancer is described according to the area it originates in. Most breast cancers are ductal carcinomas, which originate in the lining of the milk ducts. Lobular carcinoma, which is less common, originates in the lobes of the breast.