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Does smoking affect menopause?

Research has shown that women who smoke are more likely to experience an earlier menopause and more severe menopausal symptoms, with an increase in the frequency and severity of hot flushes and sleep disturbances. Women that smoke also have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis and associated risks of bone fractures.

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Author: Kellie Heywood
First answered: 23 Nov 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 5.0 out of 5
Votes: 673 (Click smiley face below to rate)
Category: Premenstual syndrome (PMS)

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