Can thyroid cancer be cured?
Most cases of thyroid cancer can be cured with appropriate treatment, especially if found early.
Author: Jonathan Meddings
First answered: 13 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.4/5 Votes: 802
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Thyroid cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably in the thyroid. These abnormal cells grow to form a cancer, which can spread to other parts of the body (metastasize).
The thyroid is a small gland that sits at the base of the voice box (larynx) near the windpipe (trachea). It produces hormones that control the body's temperature, metabolism and heart rate. It is also involved in controlling the levels of calcium in the blood.
The cause of thyroid cancer, as with other cancers, is due to damage to cellular DNA. This damage results in uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells, which leads to formation of a cancer. The damage to thyroid cells can be from a number of causes, such as …
There are four different types of thyroid cancer, identified by the cells that originate it. The types of cancer are papillary, follicular, medullar and anaplastic.
Risk factors for thyroid cancer include: age - people most affected are 25 to 65 years old; gender - thyroid cancer is more common in women; radiation exposure; diet - a diet low in iodine or high in cheese, butter and meat; an …
Prognosis for thyroid cancer varies according to its type and stage, but is generally very good. The overall five-year survival rate is 96%. For those who survive the first year, the survival rate increases to 98%. These survival rates do not apply …
Thyroid cancer is diagnosed from specific blood tests, scans such as ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT), and a tissue biopsy.
Thyroid cancer is treated using a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and targeted therapy. The choice of treatment is determined by the type of thyroid cancer being treated.