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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is testicular cancer?
Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably in the testicles (testes).
What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?
The symptoms of testicular cancer include: a painless lump or swelling in a testicle; a heavy-feeling scrotum; a testicle that feels hard or rough-textured; ache in the affected testicle, or lower abdomen, and; enlarged or tender breast tissue.
What causes testicular cancer?
The cause of testicular cancer, as with other cancers, is damage to cellular DNA. This damage results in uncontrolled cell growth, which leads to the formation of a tumor.
How is testicular cancer diagnosed?
A tentative diagnosis is made from a physical examination, blood tests and scans, such as ultrasound and CTs. A definitive diagnosis can only be made with the surgical removal of the affected testicle.
How is testicular cancer treated?
If detected before it has spread outside the testes, testicular cancer can be treated with surgical removal of the testes. If it has spread, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and additional surgery may be needed.
Can testicular cancer be cured?
If it is caught before it has spread outside of the testicle, testicular cancer can be cured by surgically removing the affected testicle. However, there is no guarantee the cancer will not develop later in the other testicle.
What increases the chances of developing testicular cancer?
Risk factors for testicular cancer include: undescended testes (cryptorchidism) - this increases the cancer risk, especially if it is not corrected by childhood; family history - having a brother or father with testicular cancer; …
What is the outlook for testicular cancer?
Prognosis of testicular cancer varies according to its type and stage, but it is generally very good. In Australia, as of 2010, the overall five-year survival rate for testicular cancer at the point of diagnosis is 98%. For those who survive the …
About this article
Author: Jonathan Meddings BMedLabSc (Hons)
First answered: 17 Nov 2014
Last reviewed: 17 Oct 2018
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Category: Testicular cancer