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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is stomach cancer?
Cancer of the stomach results from damage to the cells in the stomach, causing them to replicate out of control. Cancer cells can also break off and spread to lymph nodes or other organs.
What are the symptoms of stomach cancer?
Symptoms of stomach cancer include indigestion, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, difficulty or pain when swallowing, and blood in the vomit or feces.
What causes stomach cancer?
The exact causes of the cell damage that results in stomach cancer are unknown.
How is stomach cancer diagnosed?
Stomach cancer is ultimately diagnosed with a tissue biopsy examined by a pathologist. Other diagnostic tests include scans or procedures to discover the size and location of the cancer.
How is stomach cancer treated?
Stomach cancer is treated by a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Can stomach cancer be prevented?
Cancer cannot be prevented, but you can reduce your risk by not smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by taking a prescribed course of antibiotics to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori.
Are there different types of stomach cancer?
The type of stomach cancer depends on the type of cell it begins in. Adenocarcinoma of the stomach starts in the glandular cells of the stomach, whereas squamous cell carcinoma of the stomach starts in the squamous cells of the stomach lining.
What increases the chances of developing stomach cancer?
Stomach cancer can affect anyone, but it tends to more commonly affect men over 50. You are at increased risk if you smoke, are infected with the bacteria that cause stomach ulcers, or have a family history of disease.
About this article
Author: Jonathan Meddings BMedLabSc (Hons)
First answered: 26 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 19 May 2018
Rating: 4.5 out of 5
Votes: 272 (Click smiley face below left to rate)
Category: Stomach cancer