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FAQ Frequently asked questions
What is chronic pain?
Pain can be described as either acute or chronic. Acute pain is generally the result of an injury, illness or surgery and usually eases after its initial onset. By three months, the body has had enough time to heal from most causes of acute pain. Any pain that lingers …
What are the symptoms of chronic pain?
Chronic pain may be felt in a particular region of the body, or all over the body. Some of the more common symptoms of chronic pain include: discomfort; sore muscles and stiff joints; decreased range of motion; fatigue; nerve pain that feels like …
What causes chronic pain?
There are many medical conditions that can lead to the development of chronic pain. Some of the more common causes may include: headaches; osteoarthritis; rheumatoid arthritis; headaches; diabetes; nerve damage; multiple sclerosis, and; fibromyalgia.
Who develops chronic pain?
Chronic pain is more likely in people over 45 years of age, and becomes more common as people get older. The leading physical factors that may increase the likelihood of developing chronic pain include: being female; having a history of migraine and fibromyalgia; …
How is chronic pain diagnosed?
Chronic pain may be diagnosed from a detailed medical history and a physical examination, to assess tender areas and reflexes. Diagnostic tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging and X-rays, can be used to identify changes such as spinal injury, fractures …
How is chronic pain treated?
The type of treatment used for chronic pain will depend on the type and severity of the pain and how well the pain responds to a particular treatment. General principles include using treatments with the least side effects, incorporating non-pharmacological …
Can chronic pain be prevented?
Chronic pain cannot always be prevented, but there are some measures that may reduce the risk of developing it, which include: treating health problems early; getting regular exercise; maintaining a healthy weight to reduce stress on joints; eating a balanced …
How common is chronic pain?
Chronic pain affects up to one in five people. It becomes more common in an older population and may affect up to one in three people over 65 years of age.
About this article
Author: Dr Nikki Wallis PhD, BSc
First answered: 20 Oct 2014
Last reviewed: 17 Oct 2018
Rating: 4.1 out of 5
Votes: 1258 (Click smiley face below left to rate)
Category: Chronic pain