What is Crohn's disease?
Crohn's disease is a serious chronic inflammatory condition of the lining of the gut that causes abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and blood in the stools.
What is headbanging?
Headbanging is the action of banging one's head against something in a rhythmic motion. It is common in boys and girls and is generally temporary and harmless, but can last into childhood for some peo…
What is hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism is an under-active thyroid gland. It leads to short supply of hormones that control metabolism in the body.
What is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)?
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a condition that affects your digestive system, often appearing between the ages of 20-30 years. It affects women more than men.
What is obstructive sleep apnoea?
Obstructive sleep apnoea occurs when, during sleeping, your throat walls relax and/or your tongue flops back to block the upper section of the airway. This can lead to a temporary stopping of breathin…
What is oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)?
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a condition in which the person's behaviour is consistently angry, argumentative and defiant, particularly towards figures of authority. While it generally arise…
What is scurvy?
Scurvy is a condition caused by a prolonged deficiency of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and is characterised by general weakness, gum disease (gingivitis), anaemia and skin problems, including bleeding in…
What is sinusitis?
Sinusitis, also known as rhinosinusitis, describes inflammation and swelling of the sinus lining.
What is sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is also known as 'cot death' and 'crib death'. SIDS is defined as any death of an infant under one year of age that cannot, after thorough investigation, be attribu…
What is the outcome for rheumatoid arthritis?
Progression of rheumatoid arthritis varies between people. It can steadily worsen or may sometimes go into remission. Symptoms tend to fluctuate. Treatment during the early stages can reduce symptoms …
What is the outlook for septic arthritis?
Depending on the organism that causes septic arthritis and how promptly treatment is started, there may be full recovery with no damage to the joint, through to damage that is serious and permanent.