Who gets PMS?
Most women of child-bearing age experience some symptoms of PMS; however, they are usually relatively mild and manageable. Around 8% of women experience a more severe form of PMS known as premenstrual dysmorphic disorder (PMDD).
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PMS (premenstrual syndrome) describes a range of physical and psychological symptoms that can occur in the two weeks before a woman menstruates (has her period).
PMS has a wide range of symptoms and different women are affected differently. Symptoms include physical changes such as bloating, digestive problems and tenderness of the breasts and psychological symptoms such as mood swings, depression, anxiety and …
The cause of PMS is unclear; however, it is linked to increased levels of the hormones oestrogen and progesterone in the two weeks before a woman's period.
There is no single test for PMS. Your doctor will take into account your symptoms and your medical and mental health history. A physical examination including a pelvic exam may be recommended, as well as other tests (such as blood tests) to help rule out other causes …
PMS symptoms may be treated with lifestyle measures such as diet and regular physical activity, psychological therapy and medication such as antidepressants and hormonal medications (such as the contraceptive pill).
For some women, some symptoms of PMS can be reduced by lifestyle measures such as a healthy diet, regular exercise and managing stress.
Symptoms of PMS tend to occur in the two weeks before your period and then improve within a couple of days of the period starting. PMS symptoms tend to get better after menopause, although they can get worse in the last few years before menopause.
While most women experience some symptoms of PMS, around 8% of women are affected by a more severe form of the condition called premenstrual dysmorphic disorder (PMDD). In PMDD the symptoms are much more disruptive and distressing and can include …