What is interstitial lung disease?
Interstitial lung disease is the name used to describe a large group of medical conditions in which scarring of lung tissue leads to chronic breathing problems.
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the two key symptoms of interstitial lung disease are increasing breathlessness, particularly with physical activity, and a dry cough. Symptoms often develop gradually.
In interstitial lung disease, the delicate tissue of the lungs is scarred and damaged, making the lungs less able to expand to take in air, and less able to conduct oxygen from the air into the bloodstream. Exactly why this scarring occurs is not …
Anyone can develop interstitial lung disease, but it is more common in older people. Workers in some occupations that involve exposure to dangerous pollutants, such as asbestos, may also be at an increased risk of developing interstitial lung …
Tests to diagnose interstitial lung disease include lung function tests, chest X-rays, computerised tomography scans and a biopsy of lung tissue.
Medications may help to slow the progression of some forms of interstitial lung disease. Other treatments can help to manage symptoms. Lung transplantation may be recommended for some severe cases.
Once damage is done to lung tissue, it cannot be reversed. Different forms of interstitial lung disease progress at different rates and some are more responsive to treatment than others.
The way you manage interstitial lung disease can have a big impact on your quality of life. Pulmonary rehabilitation courses are widely available to help you learn how to best manage your condition. Pulmonary rehabilitation …
There are more than 200 different types of interstitial lung disease.