What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the prostate gland that can cause problems with urination. BPH is not cancer and does not increase the risk of getting prostate cancer.
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Not all men with BPH have symptoms. When they do show up, symptoms of BPH include a range of problems with urinating, such as difficulty beginning to urinate, straining while urinating, and a weakened or interrupted stream. …
Most men have some level of BPH as they get older. The cause is not clear, but it is thought that hormones such as testosterone may play a role.
Symptoms from BPH are uncommon before the age of 50, and become more common as men get older.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and perform a physical exam including a digital rectal exam (DRE) to check the prostate gland. A blood test called PSA is commonly used to help assess BPH. More tests such as urinalysis, …
BPH that causes no or mild symptoms may not require treatment. If symptoms are causing problems, lifestyle measures, bladder training, medications or surgery are options.
While symptoms may sometime improve, particularly with lifestyle measures such as exercising, losing weight and avoiding alcohol and caffeine, they will generally tend to slowly get worse if BPH are untreated.
Lifestyle measures that help to manage urinary symptoms can help to manage BPH. Avoiding alcohol and caffeine, and not drinking fluids for a couple of hours before bed can reduce the need to urinate frequently. Regular …
There is some evidence that a diet low in fat and red meat may help to prevent the development of BPH.