What causes fetal alcohol syndrome?
Fetal alcohol syndrome is caused by consumption of alcohol by a woman during her pregnancy. The risk to an unborn baby of developing the syndrome is usually higher, the earlier and the more frequently an expectant mother drinks alcohol. However, even with heavy maternal alcohol consumption, a baby may not develop an obvious fetal alcohol disorder. Since a lower 'safe' level of alcohol consumption is unknown, it is generally recommended that women stop all alcohol consumption during a pregnancy.