What are the symptoms of mouth cancer?
Symptoms of mouth cancer are ulcers or blood blisters in the mouth, swollen lymph nodes, difficulty swallowing, slurred speech and a changed sense of taste, or a loss of physical sensation in the mouth.
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The oral cavity is the mouth, including the lips, tongue, teeth, gums, the glands that produce saliva and the lining of the mouth.
Mouth (or oral) cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably in the mouth and oral cavity, which includes the lips and tongue. Mouth cancers can invade local tissues and/or spread to other parts of the body (metastasise).
The cause of mouth cancer, as with other cancers, is due to damage to cellular DNA. This results in uncontrolled growth of damaged cells, which leads to the formation of a cancer. The cancer can invade nearby tissues, or spread via the bloodstream or lymphatic …
Mouth cancer is diagnosed with a biopsy of suspected lesion. A pathologist will view the biopsy under a microscope to determine if it is cancerous.
Mouth cancer can be treated with surgery to remove cancerous tissue; with chemotherapy; and/or with radiotherapy.
There is no way to completely prevent mouth cancer, but you can reduce your risk by not smoking, minimising alcohol consumption, using protection during oral sex and by eating a healthy diet high in fruit and vegetables.
Complications of surgery for mouth cancer include speech problems, difficulty swallowing and facial disfigurement, depending on the extent of surgery required.