How is tinea diagnosed?
Tinea is commonly diagnosed by examining the skin. However, skin scrapings or nail clippings of the affected area can be tested using potassium hydroxide (KOH) or cultured to confirm the diagnosis.
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Tinea is a group of fungal skin infections, such as athlete's foot, jock itch and 'ringworm', which cause characteristic ring-shaped red rashes.
A group of fungi called dermatophytes causes tinea. These fungi use keratin, a component of skin, as their energy source. How severely you respond to infection depends on the species and strain of the dermatophyte.
Different types of tinea affect different parts of the body. Ringworm most commonly affects the skin on the body (tinea corporis), the scalp (tinea capitis), the feet (tinea pedis, also known as athlete’s foot) or the groin (tinea cruris, also called …
Tinea is very contagious and can easily be spread through direct contact with an infected person, or through contact with contaminated objects or surfaces, such as towels, shoes or communal showers.
You can help prevent the spread of tinea by practising good hygiene, ensuring linen and towels are washed in hot water and not sharing them with others.
Nausea and liver damage can result from oral antifungals if they are used for a long period of time. Topical antifungals can cause itching and burning.