How is meningitis spread?
Bacterial and viral meningitis are spread by close, prolonged contact with infected people. The micro-organisms are spread via coughs, sneezes and saliva.
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Meningitis is an inflammation of the protective layers that surround the brain and the spinal cord. It can be a serious, life-threatening condition requiring immediate medical care.
In adults, the symptoms of meningitis may include: sudden fever; severe headaches; stiff neck; an altered mental state; confusion or trouble concentrating; unintelligible speech; chills; head and neck arching backwards; joint pain and muscle pain; …
There are several possible causes of meningitis. It can be the result of infection with bacteria, viruses or fungi. It can also result from non-infectious causes such as inflammatory diseases.
While anyone can get meningitis, the disease is most common among infants and young children, elderly people and people whose immune system is weak.
In its early stages, meningitis can be difficult to diagnose, because the symptoms can be similar to those of flu. If your doctor suspects meningitis, they may do a physical examination to check for signs of infection around the head; a lumbar puncture (spinal …
Meningitis is treated according to its cause. Bacterial meningitis, the most dangerous of meningitis types, is a medical emergency and is treated with an immediate injection of antibiotics into the vein.
Viral meningitis usually clears on its own with supportive treatment. Bacterial meningitis requires close observation and expert treatment to prevent complications.