How is chronic pain treated?
The type of treatment used for chronic pain will depend on the type and severity of the pain and how well the pain responds to a particular treatment. General principles include using treatments with the least side effects, incorporating non-pharmacological therapies, treating any depressive symptoms, and making lifestyle changes to avoid common triggers. It is difficult to cure chronic pain, so treatment is mainly aimed at helping patients to learn to live with the pain and control the symptoms. Physical activity and exercise are important, when possible, as these can often help manage pain levels, improve self-esteem and help prevent conditions such as weight gain and muscle wasting, which are often the long-term effects of living with chronic pain.