How is cervical dysplasia treated?
The type of treatment you receive depends on how severe your dysplasia is. Mild dysplasia commonly disappears without treatment, so a follow-up Pap smear every six to 12 months may be all that is needed, unless the abnormalities do not go away or get worse. Biopsy-confirmed moderate to severe dysplasia is treated with the following: 1) Large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) - uses a small electrical current to remove abnormal tissue from the cervix. 2) Cryotherapy - abnormal cells can be frozen ,then removed. 3) Laser surgery - a targeted carbon dioxide laser can be used to burn away (ablate) abnormal cells. 4) Cone biopsy - the surgical removal of abnormal tissue. 5) Hysterectomy - surgical removal of the uterus. This is rarely used for women with cervical dysplasia and may only be considered if potentially dangerous changes persist and the above therapies have failed. As this procedure renders the woman infertile, her stage of life and her wishes regarding child-bearing need to be considered.