How is ankylosing spondylitis treated?
The main goal of treatment for ankylosing spondylitis is to maintain a good quality of life by managing the symptoms and reducing the condition's progression. Treatments include medications, physiotherapy and surgery. Medications used in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis include: • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce inflammation, control pain and stiffness; • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), which can slow the progression of the condition; • Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors to control inflammation, and; • Corticosteroids. Physiotherapy can include using specific exercises to reduce the pain and increase physical strength and flexibility of the muscles and tendons in the affected area. In most cases, surgery is not necessary, but it can be used if there is extreme pain or joint damage.