How common is pectus excavatum?
Pectus excavatum is the most common chest abnormality present at birth, appearing in about one in every 300-500 live births.
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Pectus excavatum is a congenital chest wall deformity also known as ‘funnel chest’, ‘sunken chest’ or ‘Cobbler’s chest’.
The primary symptom of pectus excavatum is a sunken area in the middle of the chest. Other signs can include a displaced breastbone (usually to the right), scoliosis, chest pain, and a characteristic slouching posture. In more severe cases, there …
In pectus excavatum, the connective tissue that connects the breastbone (sternum) to the ribs grows too much. As a result, the middle of the chest appears sunken. It is not known exactly why this happens, but a genetic basis is suspected.
Pectus excavatum is about four times more common in boys than in girls.
Pectus excavatum is present at birth, but may not be noticed until later – sometimes only during puberty. It is diagnosed by the appearance of the chest. Further tests can evaluate how each person with pectus excavatum is affected by the condition, if at …
Many people with pectus excavatum need no treatment. For those who do, there are several methods that can help correct the disorder.
In about a third of cases, pectus excavatum will get more pronounced during puberty.